“…David Ogilvy…held the small triangular shaped object in the open palm of his hand, …he turned to his companion …and said in awed tones: Someone has been here before us.”

—from the Preface

Someone Before Us tells the fascinating story of a trailblazing archaeologist in central New Brunswick. This new edition of Clarke’s unique book includes an Afterword by David W. Black, Professor of Anthropology at the University of New Brunswick (UNB), and an expanded number of artefact illustrations. Both the Afterword and a new Introduction by editor, Mary Bernard, provide valuable information for understanding the context and significance of Clarke’s archaeological work. Clarke’s extensive collection of stone tools is now held at UNB.

Dr. George Frederick Clarke discovered and explored many settlements and campsites of the ancestors of the Wolastoqiyik (Maliseets). Someone Before Us tells the story of both his archaeological work and his association with friends from the Maliseet First Nation, who often helped him in his explorations. The book includes a chapter on Tappan Adney, an artist and ethnographer who documented Maliseet language and material culture. The cover painting is by Adney. The book concludes with an account of observations made by early 17th century French explorers who lived among the Indigenous People of this region. Someone Before Us was the last of Clarke’s thirteen published books and is a fitting capstone volume for one of New Brunswick’s best-loved authors.

 

Paperback  •  238 pages  •  ISBN 978-1-988299-05-1

From the Afterword by David W. Black

GFC collected and excavated at some of the most widely recognized Prehistoric archaeological sites in New Brunswick—for example, Meductic Flat, the Shiktahawk site and the Three Brooks site—and many of the sites he investigated were subsequently inundated by waters ponded above hydro-electric dams constructed on the St John and Tobique rivers. For these reasons alone, GFC’s work occupies an important place in the history of archaeological research in Eastern Canada; his publications, notes and artifact collection warrant consideration in the context of modern archaeological research and in light of on-going and proposed developments in the central St John River Valley.

About the Author

George Frederick Clarke (1883-1974) is one of New Brunswick’s best writers. He is the author of thirteen books, including Six Salmon Rivers, Song of the Reel, and Someone Before Us. His short stories have recently been collected in The Ghost of Nackawick Portage.

 

About the Editor

Mary Bernard is editor of the George Frederick Project, which is bringing his books back into print. She is Clarke’s granddaughter and lives in Cambridge, England.

 

Price list and purchasing information

Someone Before Us

George Frederick Clarke

»

Edited by Mary Bernard

  • Table of Contents

    List of Illustrations

    Sources of Illustrations

    Editor’s Preface

    Editor’s Acknowledgments

    Preface

    Acknowledgements

    Chapter 1 Introduction

    Chapter 2  Where Did They Come From

    Chapter 3  The St John River And Medoctec

    Chapter 4  Medoctec Continued

    Chapter 5  Historical Cobwebs

    Chapter 6 A Pint Of Rum

    Photographs: Part 1

    Chapter 7  Maliseet But Not Etchemin

    Chapter 8 The Red Paint People

    Chapter 9  Artifactual Confusion

    Chapter 10 The Shik-Ta-Hawk Site

    Chapter 11 Campsite At Forks Of Miramichi

    Chapter 12 The Big Clearwater Site

    Chapter 13 The Lane’s Creek Site

    Photographs: Part 2

    Chapter 14  The Wapske Site

    Chapter 15 The Tobique Narrows Site

    Chapter 16  Nicholas Denys

    Chapter 17  Polychrome Of Bird

    Chapter 18  Various Sites

    Chapter 19 Eight Pieces Of Black Ash

    Appendix 1 How To Make A Birch-Bark Canoe

     “To the Birch-Bark Canoe”

    Appendix 2 Notes From Lescarbot

    Appendix 3 Someone Before Us: Technical Captions for Artifact Figures

     by David W. Black

    Someone Before Us, Half a Century Later:
    An Afterword by David W. Black

    The Living Memory of Ancient Things:
    Publisher’s Afterword by Keith Helmuth

    Index

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . i

     . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .v

     . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xv

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xix

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxi

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

     . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

     . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31

     . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43

     . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47

     . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51

     . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71

     . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75

     . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95

     . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105

     . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115

     . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123

     . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127

     . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155

     . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177

     . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183

     . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194

     . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 197

     

     . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211

     

     . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 217

     

     . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 225

     . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 229

Fourth Edition